Doctor Who is a television show and a global, multimedia franchise controlled by the BBC (British Broadcasting Corperation)

It centres on a time traveller called "the Doctor", who comes from a race of beings known as Time Lords. They travel through space and time in a time machine they call the TARDIS. This ship — which looks like a small, London police box on the outside — has nearly infinite dimensions on the inside. It has become such an iconic shape in British culture that it is currently the intellectual property of the BBC rather than its actual makers, the Metropolitan Police Service.

Origin

Several individuals share credit for establishing Doctor Who in 1963, but it is generally accepted that the original impetus for the series, as well as the establishment of certain aspects, such as the concept of the TARDIS, the basic character of the Doctor and the title Doctor Whoitself belong to Canadian-born Sydney Newman, who is also credited with creating another iconic series, The Avengers. Others involved in piecing together the puzzle that became the series include Head of Serials Donald Wilson, writer C. E. Webber, script editor David Whitakerand the show's first producer, Verity Lambert, the first woman to hold such a position in the drama department at the BBC.

Two other notable participants in the birth of the series were Anthony Coburn and Waris Hussein, the writer and director, respectively, of the first four-part serial, An Unearthly Child, the first episode of which aired on 23 November 1963. The version of the first episode that was broadcasted was in fact the second mounting of that episode; an earlier version (called "The Pilot Episode" by fans), was taped some weeks before, but was rejected for several issues. The BBC allowed a second mounting of the pilot to proceed. The first episode aired the day after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, and had to be rebroadcast a week later when power failures disrupted the first broadcast.

Also important to creating the atmosphere of the early series were composers Ron Grainer and Delia Derbyshire. Grainer wrote the basic melody of the Doctor Who theme, and Derbyshire, with the BBC Radiophonic Workshop, transformed it into a pioneering piece of electronica music. There have been several arrangements used of the theme, but the basic melody has remained unchanged throughout the show's history. No new piece of music has ever been commissioned as a theme, making it one of the longest-serving signature tunes in television history.

An Unearthly Child introduced the first incarnation of the Doctor, played by character actor William Hartnell. Supporting him were William Russelland Jacqueline Hill as Ian Chesterton and Barbara Wright, respectively, and Carole Ann Ford as the Doctor's granddaughter, Susan Foreman. These four would form the core cast of the series throughout its first season and into the second.

From very early on, the television show spawned a sub-genre of the franchise in the form of short stories in various shapes and forms from small one-paper issues to short novels to even telling a story on a set of cards. This genre has developed throughout the years into massive shorts and anthologies and is still holding up in the 21st century.

Cast

List of Television Stories

First Doctor

The First Doctor was portrayed by William Hartnell from 1963 to 1966.

Season 1

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
001 An Unearthly Child 4 23 November–14 December 1963
002 The Daleks 7 21 December 1963–1 February 1964
003 The Edge of Destruction 2 8–15 February 1964
004 Marco Polo 7 22 February–4 April 1964
005 The Keys of Marinus 6 11 April–16 May 1964
006 The Aztecs 4 23 May–13 June 1964
007 The Sensorites 6 20 June–1 August 1964
008 The Reign of Terror 6 8 August–12 September 1964

Season 2

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
009 Planet of Giants 3 31 October–14 November 1964
010 The Dalek Invasion of Earth 6 21 November–26 December 1964
011 The Rescue 2 2–9 January 1965
012 The Romans 4 16 January–6 February 1965
013 The Web Planet 6 13 February–20 March 1965
014 The Crusade 4 27 March–17 April 1965
015 The Space Museum 4 24 April–15 May 1965
016 The Chase 6 22 May–26 June 1965
017 The Time Meddler 4 3–24 July 1965

Season 3

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
018 Galaxy 4 4 11 September–2 October 1965
019 Mission to the Unknown 1 9 October 1965
020 The Myth Makers 4 16 October–6 November 1965
021 The Daleks' Master Plan 12 13 November 1965–29 January 1966
022 The Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Eve 4 5–26 February 1966
023 The Ark 4 5–26 March 1966
024 The Celestial Toymaker 4 2–23 April 1966
025 The Gunfighters 4 30 April–21 May 1966
026 The Savages 4 28 May–18 June 1966
027 The War Machines 4 25 June–16 July 1966

Season 4

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
028 The Smugglers 4 10 September–1 October 1966
029 The Tenth Planet 4 8–29 October 1966

Second Doctor

The Second Doctor was portrayed by Patrick Troughton from 1966 to 1969.

Season 4

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
030 The Power of the Daleks 6 5 November–10 December 1966
031 The Highlanders 4 17 December 1966–7 January 1967
032 The Underwater Menace 4 14 January–4 February 1967
033 The Moonbase 4 11 February–4 March 1967
034 The Macra Terror 4 11 March–1 April 1967
035 The Faceless Ones 6 8 April–13 May 1967
036 The Evil of the Daleks 7 20 May–1 July 1967

Season 5

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
037 The Tomb of the Cybermen 4 2–23 September 1967
038 The Abominable Snowmen 6 30 September–4 November 1967
039 The Ice Warriors 6 11 November–16 December 1967
040 The Enemy of the World 6 23 December 1967–27 January 1968
041 The Web of Fear 6 3 February–9 March 1968
042 Fury from the Deep 6 16 March–20 April 1968
043 The Wheel in Space 6 27 April–1 June 1968

Season 6

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
044 The Dominators 5 10 August–7 September 1968
045 The Mind Robber 5 14 September–12 October 1968
046 The Invasion 8 2 November–21 December 1968
047 The Krotons 4 28 December 1968–18 January 1969
048 The Seeds of Death 6 25 January–1 March 1969
049 The Space Pirates 6 8 March–12 April 1969
050 The War Games 10 19 April–21 June 1969

Third Doctor

The Third Doctor was portrayed by Jon Pertwee from 1970 to 1974.

Season 7

Episode Title Episodes Original airdates
051 Spearhead from Space 4 3–24 January 1970
052 Doctor Who and the Silurians 7 31 January–14 March 1970
053 The Ambassadors of Death 7 21 March–2 May 1970
054 Inferno 7 9 May–20 June 1970

Season 8

Episode Title Episodes Original airdates
055 Terror of the Autons 4 2–23 January 1971
056 The Mind of Evil 6 30 January–6 March 1971
057 The Claws of Axos 4 13 March–3 April 1971
058 Colony in Space 6 10 April–15 May 1971
059 The Dæmons 5 22 May–19 June 1971

Season 9

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
060 Day of the Daleks 4 1–22 January 1972
061 The Curse of Peladon 4 29 January–19 February 1972
062 The Sea Devils 6 26 February–1 April 1972
063 The Mutants 6 8 April–13 May 1972
064 The Time Monster 6 20 May–24 June 1972

Season 10

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
065 The Three Doctors 4 30 December 1972–20 January 1973
066 Carnival of Monsters 4 27 January–17 February 1973
067 Frontier in Space 6 24 February–31 March 1973
068 Planet of the Daleks 6 7 April–12 May 1973
069 The Green Death 6 19 May–23 June 1973

Season 11

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
070 The Time Warrior 4 15 December 1973–5 January 1974
071 Invasion of the Dinosaurs 6 12 January–16 February 1974
072 Death to the Daleks 4 23 February–16 March 1974
073 The Monster of Peladon 6 23 March–27 April 1974
074 Planet of the Spiders 6 4 May–8 June 1974

Fourth Doctor

The Fourth Doctor was portrayed by Tom Baker from 1974 to 1981.

Season 12

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
075 Robot 4 28 December 1974–18 January 1975
076 The Ark in Space 4 25 January–15 February 1975
077 The Sontaran Experiment 2 22 February–1 March 1975
078 Genesis of the Daleks 6 8 March–12 April 1975
079 Revenge of the Cybermen 4 19 April–10 May 1975

Season 13

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
080 Terror of the Zygons 4 30 August–20 September 1975
081 Planet of Evil 4 27 September–18 October 1975
082 Pyramid of Mars 4 25 October–15 November 1975
083 The Android Invasion 4 22 November–13 December 1975
084 The Brain of Morbius 4 3–24 January 1976
085 The Seeds of Doom 6 31 January–6 March 1976

Season 14

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
086 The Masque of Mandragora 4 4–25 September 1976
087 The Hand of Fear 4 2–23 October 1976
088 The Deadly Assassin 4 30 October–20 November 1976
089 The Face of Evil 4 1–22 January 1977
090 The Robots of Death 4 29 January–19 February 1977
091 The Talons of Weng Chiang 6 26 February–2 April 1977

Season 15

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
092 Horror of Fang Rock 4 3–24 September 1977
093 The Invisible Enemy 4 1–22 October 1977
094 Image of the Fendahl 4 29 October–19 November 1977
095 The Sun Makers 4 26 November–17 December 1977
096 Underworld 4 7–28 January 1978
097 The Invasion of Time 6 4 February–11 March 1978

Season 16

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
098 The Ribos Operation 4 2–23 September 1978
099 The Pirate Planet 4 30 September–21 October 1978
100 The Stones of Blood 4 28 October–18 November 1978
101 The Androids of Tara 4 25 November–16 December 1978
102 The Power of Kroll 4 23 December 1978–13 January 1979
103 The Armageddon Factor 6 20 January–24 February 1979

Season 17

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
104 Destiny of the Daleks 4 1–22 September 1979
105 City of Death 4 29 September–20 October 1979
106 The Creature from the Pit 4 27 October–17 November 1979
107 Nightmare of Eden 4 24 November–15 December 1979
108 The Horns of Nimon 5 22 December 1979–12 January 1980
Shada 6 Uncompleted and not broadcast due to BBC industrial action. Planned transmission dates: 19 January-23 February 1980

Season 18

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
109 The Leisure Hive 4 30 August–20 September 1980
110 Meglos 4 27 September–18 October 1980
111 Full Circle 4 25 October–15 November 1980
112 State of Decay 4 22 November–13 December 1980
113 Warriors' Gate 4 3–24 January 1981
114 The Keeper of Traken 4 31 January–21 February 1981
115 Logopolis 4 28 February–21 March 1981

Fifth Doctor

The Fifth Doctor was portrayed by Peter Davison from 1982 to 1984.

Season 19

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
116 Castrovalva 4 4–12 January 1982
117 Four to Doomsday 4 18–26 January 1982
118 Kinda 4 1–9 February 1982
119 The Visitation 4 15–23 February 1982
120 Black Orchid 2 1–2 March 1982
121 Earthshock 4 8–16 March 1982
122 Time Flight 4 22–30 March 1982

Season 20

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
123 Arc of Infinity 4 3–12 January 1983
124 Snakedance 4 18–26 January 1983
125 Mawdryn Undead 4 1–9 February 1983
126 Teminus 4 15–23 February 1983
127 Enlightenment 4 1–9 March 1983
128 The King's Demons 2 15–16 March 1983

Children in Need 1983

Story Title Episodes Original airdate
129 The Five Doctors 1 23 November 1983

Season 21

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
130 Warriors of the Deep 4 5–13 January 1984
131 The Awakening 4 19–20 January 1984
132 Frontios 4 26 January–3 February 1984
133 Resurrection of the Daleks 2 8–15 February 1984
134 Planet of Fire 4 23 February–2 March 1984
135 The Caves of Androzani 4 8–16 March 1984

Sixth Doctor

The Sixth Doctor was portrayed by Colin Baker from 1984 to 1986.

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
136 The Twin Dilemma 4 22–30 March 1984

Season 22

The show's format changed to 45-minute episodes in this season.

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
137 Attack of the Cybermen 2 5–12 January 1985
138 Vengeance on Varos 2 19–26 January 1985
139 The Mark of the Rani 2 2–9 February 1985
140 The Two Doctors 3 16 February–2 March 1985
141 Timelash 2 9–16 March 1985
142 Revelation of the Daleks 2 23–30 March 1985

Season 23

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
143a The Mysterious Planet 4 6–27 September 1986
143b Mindwarp 4 4–25 October 1986
143c Terror of the Vervoids 4 1–22 November 1986
143d The Ultimate Foe 2 29 November–6 December 1986

Seventh Doctor

The Seventh Doctor was portrayed by Sylvester McCoy from 1987 to 1990.

Season 24

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
144 Time and the Rani 4 7–28 September 1987
145 Paradise Towers 4 5–26 October 1987
146 Delta and the Bannerman 3 2–16 November 1987
147 Dragonfire 3 23 November–7 December 1987

Season 25

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
148 Remembrance of the Daleks 4 5–26 October 1988
149 The Happiness Patrol 3 2–16 November 1988
150 Silver Nemesis 3 23 November–7 December 1988
151 The Greatest Show in the Galaxy 4 14 December 1988–4 January 1989

Season 26

Story Title Episodes Original airdates
152 Battlefield 4 6–27 September 1989
153 Ghost Light 3 4–18 October 1989
154 The Curse of Fenric 4 25 October–15 November 1989
155 Survival 3 22 November–6 December 1989
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